Bhakti

Bhakti is the pleasant, smooth, direct path to God.

Abirami Pattar & Abirami Anthathi

Abhirami is the Goddess of Thirukadayur near MayiladuThurai town of Tamil Nadu. The Lord Shiva who presides over the temple is called Amritha Gateswarar. It is believed that while transporting the Nectar (Amritha) which they got by churning the ocean of milk, the Devas kept a pot of Amritha in Thirukadayur.This pot became one with the land and became the siva linga. It is also believed that it is at this temple that the Sage Markandeya prayed Lord Shiva and could avoid death forever.


Abhirami means “She who is attractive every moment of time”. This goddess is believed to be extremely powerful and fulfills the wishes of all her devotees. One of her great devotees of the past was Abhirama Bhattar.Abhirami Pattar (original name Subramaniya Iyer) (late 1700s - early 1800s) was a semi-legendary Hindu saint from the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He is famed as the author of a collection of hymns called Abhirami Anthadhi which is widely regarded as one of the foremost works of modern Tamil literature.


As he grew Subramaniya Iyer developed a fanatical devotion to Goddess Abhirami. Abirami Pattar who was a Sri Vidya Upasaka.He would sit in a corner of the temple meditating upon the Goddess and singing her praises. As time passed, he was forever immersed in meditation upon the Goddess that he began to observe the supposed likeliness of the Goddess in the persona of the women around him and often showered them with flowers. According to sources, soon, a particular section of the populace began to regard him as a madman He was always under the influence of the graceful Abirami, thinking of the radiance of her face as a full moon And He was a engaged in telling people the details of the day as to Thithi, day, time effects etc.

One day, Raja Serfoji, the Maratha Raja of Thanjavur who ruled over the land, visited the temple to pay homage to Lord Shiva. On noticing the peculiar behavior of Subramaniya Iyer who was a temple priest, he inquired the other priests about the individual. One of them remarked that he was a madman while another rejected this categorization explaining to the king that he was only an ardent devotee of Goddess Abhirami. Those who were jealous of him gave false reports to King Saraboji and induced him to test Pattar. King Saraboji and induced him to test Pattar. As Pattar was an almanac pundit, the king asked him about the day and pat came the reply from Pattar that it was full moon that day while it was the new moon day. , King approached the priest and asked him what day of the month it was i.e. whether it was a full-moon day or a new-moon day. Subramaniya Iyer who could see nothing else but the shining luminant form of the Goddess before him wrongly answered that it was a full-moon day while it was in fact a new-moon day.


When King repeated the question, he still replied the same answer as Full Moon day. King Saraboji told Pattar that he would be beheaded if the full moon did not appear at night.
Abirami Pattar realized his statement and put the blame on Goddess. He said to her that I made this mistake only because of you as I was immersed in your thoughts. Immediately realizing his mistake, Subramaniya Iyer supposedly lit a huge fire and erected a platform over it supported by a hundred ropes. He sat upon the platform and prayed to the Goddess Abhirami to save him. He started singing about the Goddess Abiraami in 100 slokas, so beautifully sung. The songs come under a class of Tamil poetry called "Andhaathi". This means, the next poem should start with the ending from the previous one.


Abirami, Pattar grew fire before the temple, erected a cradle above the fire and tied with 100 ropes. He sat on the cradle above the fire, and cut one rope each time he completed a hymn on Mother Abiramai. He cut off one rope after another in succession on completion of each verse of his prayer. On completion of the 79th hymn, Goddess Abirami pleased and appeared before him and thrown her ear-ring (kundalam) in to the sky which enlightened the whole sky like a full bright moon. which stunning the king and the viewers. The King begged Pattar’s pardon and honoured him. The degree of Pattars Bhakti to Abirmai was proved by this event. Everyone worshiped the Goddess and her majestic powers.. The degree of Pattars Bhakti to Abirmai was proved by this event.The history of Thirukadayur and Abirami Pattar cannot be considered separate.

Abirami Anthathi to be cont....

2 comments:

Seshadri Krishnayyar January 20, 2013 at 9:14 PM  


Amma, Jaishree,

You are doing a good job by making those who go through your blog benefited with knowledge of spirituality.

Man's duty, as per the opinion of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahans, whom I always respect as my Gurudev, is to realize God in this very life, as he has, with more difficulty, got human birth. If we have 100 per cent faith and if we recite andhadhis with bhakthi, Abhirami Amma will definitely give Her darshan and reveal the mystery of life and help us attaining the goal of life.

My name is Seshadri T.K aged 69 residing in Coimbatore Tamil Nadu.
My aim is to see Abhirami Amma, as I am worshiping daily through Abhirami Andhadhi and Padhigams.

I have seen the blog Narayaneeyam also and it is very nice and useful to the devotees of Lord Krishna.

The photo snaps of natural beauty are also fine.

May God bless you with Noyinmai, Kalvi and Dhana Dhaniyam !

I beg to remain.

SESHADRI T.K, seshadritk@gmail.com

Raghavendra Batni October 21, 2015 at 12:27 PM  

Respected Smt. Jayashree

namaskaaram-s. I came across your blog today looking for the 101 phalams for each of the verses of abhiraami andaadi. Do you have them?

I also need the tamizh original in its own script along with an english translation. Can you please provide them to me?

I have a very old vruttam singing by 2 ladies made in 1970. I wish to share it with you. They have sung it in 30 minutes.

I also need your recitation of abhiraami andaadi in 15 minutes. I am trying to memorize and recite myself. Your recording would be most helpful.

Please kindly write to me at nadasudha@gmail.com . Please kindly visit my youtube channel at your leisure. I sing karnatic vocal music and play the veeNaa. I eventually want to learn the abhiraami andaadi vruttam singing version and sing it with playing it on the veeNaa.

Please kindly reply to my email id given above. With respects and best regards, Raghavendra.

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This blog is created to discuss the information about spirituality This blog consists The most important temples, mantras and stories related to spiritual whatever I know, I heard, I read through spiritual books will be described in this blog.

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கலையாத கல்வியும் குறையாத வயதுமோர் கபடு வாராத நட்பும்
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சலியாத மனமும் அன்பு அகலாத மனைவியும் தவறாத சந்தானமும்
தாழாத கீர்த்தியும் மாறாத வார்த்தையும் தடைகள் வாராத கொடையும்
தொலையாத நிதியமும் கோணாத கோலும் ஒரு துன்பமில்லாத வாழ்வும்
துய்ய நின் பாதத்தில் அன்பும் உதவி பெரிய தொண்டரொடு கூட்டு கண்டாய்
அலையாழி அறிதுயிலு மாயனது தங்கையே! ஆதிகட வூரின் வாழ்வே!
அமுதீசர் ஒருபாகம் அகலாத சுகபாணி! அருள்வாமி! அபிராமியே
- அபிராமி பட்டர்
“Learning that goes not awry, a life span that is not shortened, and friendship that knows no guile,
Prosperity that never diminishes, youth that does not whither, and a body that sees no disease,
A mind that is never vexed, a wife whose love wavers not, and children who never know disobedience,
Fame that never decreases, a word that I go back on not, and charity that has no hurdles,
Wealth that is not thieved, a government that is never Adhaarmic, and a life that knows no despair,
At your esteemed feet, you gave me love and support,
and made me one amongst the great people who serve you,
The sister of he who lies in sleep on the milk ocean, the one who lives in the town of Kadavoor,
Oh thee, who separates not from one side of the body of Amutheeswarar,
Oh Goddess with the hands that bestows boons, bless us with these, Oh Abhiraami”
- Abhiraami Bhattar

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